# Cambridge A Level Statistics Notes Pdf Time Series

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Time Series Analysis and Control Subroutines Tree level 2. The course notes section is now complete & available to download for free as e-books. Syllabuses The syllabus year refers to the year in which the examination will be taken. Complex Numbers. Link – Unit 5 Notes. Roughly speaking, a time series is stationary if its behaviour does not change over time. A fantastic reference on the current state of the field is the method lectures "What's New in Econometrics-Time Series" delivered by James H. Vectors IV. The Cauchy condition 62 4. Ideas formulated in terms of statistics and probability are uniquely portable across applied modeling and data-driven disciplines. The underlying reasoning is that the state of the time series few periods back may still has an influence on the series current state. Posc/Uapp 816 Class 20 Regression of Time Series Page 8 6. 096 million barrels a day. 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Environmental Education and Education for Sustainability textbook for EDA3046 available for for level 1 is R200. Introduction to Probability, Statistics, and Random Processes by Hossein Pishro-Nik. Without a statistical study, our ideas would be vague and indefinite. 4 per unit) All units are in presented as. Meanwhile, congrats to The Temple's 2014 GCE O Level batch of students for making their O Level wishes come true!. Time Series Data: Enrolments in ECE (2000-2019) [MS Excel 46kB] Time Series Data: Hours of Participation This spreadsheet provides information on average weekly attendance hours in ECE across time in a simple, easy to use format. Description : Cambridge O-Level Statistics develops the use of statistical techniques through a skill-building approach. Undergraduates seriously interested in mathematics are encouraged to elect an upper-level mathematics seminar. data (known in statistics as bootstrapping, e. The revisions focus on purpose-of-visit. There are many great graduate level classes related to statistics at MIT, spread over several departments. Published 16 August 2017. Current and Historical Trends in General Aviation in the United States by Kamala I. The Runnymede Academic and Emerging Scholars Forum worked closely with Janine in developing. might expect from the plot of the. Activate - Question. 2 Characterizing Dependence 252 8. ──── Emphasizes the science and the data analysis. Selected Topics. Statistics for Research Projects Chapter 5 W has a known distribution. Keep Figure 1. Bubbles weighs 400lbs and has 3-foot legs, and will make tracks like this. Node 24 of 26. Ris powerful: if a command doesn’t exist already, you can code it yourself. 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In this section, we focus on bivariate analysis, where exactly two measurements are made on each observation. Introduction to Probability, Statistics, and Random Processes by Hossein Pishro-Nik. 1 Distribution. Boddington defined as: Statistics is the science of estimates and probabilities. The Statistics A-Level revision section of Revision Maths covers: Histograms and Cumulative Frequency, Averages, Measures of Dispersion, Box and Whisker Diagrams, Probability, Linear Regression, Skewness, Product Moment Correlation Coefficient, Discrete Random Variables, Expectation and Variance, Discrete Uniform Distribution, Normal Distribution, Binomial Distribution, Poisson Distribution. Cambridge O Level Statistics (4040) This syllabus enables learners to acquire knowledge of basic statistical ideas, methods and terminology. O Levels Pakistan Studies (History 2059/01) (2002-2011) by Mohd. Cancer mortality is higher among men than women (196. The notes may cover more material than the lectures. Nayland College runs three different NCEA Level 2 courses. Notes: The following list points to the class discussion notes for Econometrics I. Our leading-edge assessments unlock the power of education for every learner. IELTS is the world’s. , daily exchange rate, a share price, etc. or whose birth was reported as registered with civil authorities at the time of survey. 0 Prescription Level Acting Out. Then X Po(5). Time series data occur naturally in many application areas. There are many varieties of econometric and multi-variate techniques. 3 4 Program code will be set in typewriter-font. 1 The number of days on which rain fell in a certain town in each month of 2016 and 2017 are given. Worksheets & answers on every topic, with four sections to collect. Macroeconometrics (time series) / financial econometrics: John Cochrane (Chicago), Time Series for Macroeconomics and Finance D. Our authors have unrivalled expertise in writing examples and problems to prepare students for exams, as well as proven experience interpreting the Australian Curriculum and VCE Study Designs for VCE students. Hurlin (University of OrlØans) Advanced Econometrics II. Nayland College runs three different NCEA Level 2 courses. See it at regressit. It belongs with the four-book series about the O’Keefe family, which also includes The Arm of the Starﬁsh, Dragons in the Water, and A House Like a Lotus. Unmasked Kenmore 148. When we want to obtain reliable information about the population, it is often impossible or impractical. Presentation of Statistical Data. The feature that distinguishes a time series from classical statistics is that there is dependence in the observations. The earlier series on Base 2010=100 was started w. For International Maths Students: Edexcel International A Level. O Level Mathematics Revision Notes (KEY. Statistical tests for white noise. The two series differ principally in their use of tense to describe the temporal relation between events. 3 Spatial filtering models 579 17 581 Time series analysis and temporal autoregression 17. And if you use predictors other than the series (a. • Values shown for historical years of “better fore- casts” do not agree with actual historical data. Students majoring in statistics and preparing for a career in actuarial science may take STAT GU4282 (Regression and Time Series Analysis) in place of the major requirement STAT GU4205 (Linear Regression Analysis). 强烈赞同 @纯粹 ，给的几个都是非常非常优秀的。. This is not 8 necessary as SAS code is not case sensitive, but it makes it easier to. You’ll see that now you have the top table telling you that there are 5 cases with missing data for Grade 04. For example, many fa-miliar time series occur in the eld of economics, where we are continually. 1001 Motivational Quotes for Success. Seasonally adjusted monthly number of employees in the U. 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The correlation improves. It explains the principles, and proves the formulae to give validity to the methods of the interpretation of statistical data. Functions and Graphs. Functions and Graphs. 5 Nested logit 11-7 11. 2 are using, it is worth installing the latest version of R, to make sure that you have all the latest R functions available to you to use. 12210 Cambridge As And A Level Geography Aki-ola Science For Shs Pdf Kitchen Medicine By Julie Bruton Seal 9781107578692 Configuring. Time series is a sequence of observations recorded at regular time intervals. Estimation of process mean and autocovariance function. data (known in statistics as bootstrapping, e. of Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH. Presented at a COP15 side-event, updated in 2012, the book is inspiring top-level and grassroot actions worldwide. Journal of the American Statistical Association 69: 18–31 M. 6 7 Also all SAS keywords are written in capital letters. 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Note: Sea levels are relative to a local vertical datum for a particular gauge station. Introduction to Time Series Analysis. The content set out in these paragraphs, assessed in the context of the statistical enquiry cycle, represent 100% of the A level content. All club hands are computer dealt and come with hand records. The linear time series models became popular partly because they have been incorpo-rated into many \canned" statistics and econometrics packages. ICAI has officially announced the Revised CA Course which is applicable from 1st July 2017. Research Methods & Reporting. 2 Trend Analysis 593 17. Our results emphasize the importance of fully accounting. Components of a time series A time series is essentially composed of the following four components: 1. 9 Resultant of three coplanar forces acting at a point 12 1. 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Current students please note that the course schedule has changed since these notes were written in 2007. •Daily IBM stock prices •Monthly rainfall •Annual Google proﬁts •Quarterly Australian beer production Forecasting is estimating how the sequence of observations will con-tinue into the future. Attendances over the latest twelve months are. 50 results in Cambridge Series in Statistical and Probabilistic Mathematics. 3 Multinomial (conditional) logit 11-4 11. Time series modeling and forecasting has fundamental importance to various practical domains. They help students build firm foundations for mathematical understanding by connecting ideas and developing techniques. 1 Models for time series 1. 6 True Exceedance Probabilities of Nominal 1% HS-VaRWhen Volatility is Persistent. 1 The number of days on which rain fell in a certain town in each month of 2016 and 2017 are given. 3 Markov Models 493 23. Many types of data are collected over time. 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The analyst concludes that the coefficient for the moving average term is statistically different from 0, and keeps the term in the model. To estimate a time series regression model, a trend must be estimated. Statistical Software MCQs. Notes: In the 2016-2017, 2017-2018, 2018-2019 and 2020-2021 catalogs, and subsequent catalogs, this course carried or will carry 4 hours of credit, and covered or will cover time series. o ytvtt=α+λ + o v is stationary disturbance term o If the constant rate of change is in percentage terms, then we could model lny as being linearly related to time. Kan Shao, Yandong Liu, and Daniel B. Fluids occur, and often dominate physical phenomena, on all. Seasonal adjustment is a statistical method for removing the seasonal component of a time series that is used when analyzing non-seasonal trends. 1 FIRST ORDER SYSTEMS A simple ﬁrst order differential equation has general form. To a large extent, our course will follow the rst section of this book. 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Such prediction often takes the form of a map or a series of maps. 1 SAR models 571 16. Statistics for Business and Economics. 6 Mixed Multivariate Models 269 8. Time series data occur naturally in many application areas. 2 Stationarity 488 23. 3 ARMA and ARIMA (Box-Jenkins) models 599 17. Its contributors include both senior scholars with established expertise in Mills thought and new emerging interpreters. Cambridge Series in Statistical and Probabilistic Mathematics Download list of titles. " More academically: "We have a fair coin. STOR 356, Spring 2008. If there are two periods with unemployment = 4 in the first period and 6 in the second, then U = 4 + 2D2 , where D2 is a dummy equal to one in the second period. STAT 325 Applied Statistics I 4 Credit Hours. In ITSM, choose statistics => residual analysis => Tests of Randomness. The data can than be seen as a 2D table, or matrix, with columns giving the different attributes of the data, and rows the observations. 1 SAR models 571 16. Ris powerful: if a command doesn’t exist already, you can code it yourself. 4 Time Series of Daily Squared NYSE Returns. SPSS Step-by-Step 7 SPSS Tutorial and Help 10. \rThis textbook had 90,000 free pd\. Regina Kaiser and Agust n Mara v all Abstract Presen t practice in applied time series w ork, mostly at economic p olicy or data pro ducing agencies, relies hea vily on using mo ving a v erage lters to estimate unobserv ed comp onen ts (or signals) in time series, suc. A-level Physics Tutor. Quarterly External Debt Statistics SDDS Apr 30, 2020; View data catalog More Resources. Definitions; Creating Grouped Frequency Distributions; Introduction to Statistics and Lists on the TI-82; Creating Histograms, Box Plots, and Grouped Frequency Distributions on the TI-82; Creating an Ogive. Most of the readings for the later parts of the course are journal articles. A-level Physics Tutor. Topic 1: Algebra. Note in particular the slope or trend. 2015-02-01. pdf - Free download Ebook, Handbook, Textbook, User Guide PDF files on the internet quickly and easily. Time series data is data collected over time for a single or a group of variables. These equations together form a complete dynamic system - an equation system deﬂn-ing how its variables evolve over time - for some given F. Functions and Graphs. 1 SAR models 571 16. The Best Maths AS and A Level Notes, Revision Guides, Tips and Websites compiled from all around the world at one place for your ease so you can prepare for your tests and examinations with the satisfaction that you have the best resources available to you. A preliminary German version is published as an electronic book at the DESY library. For a one time payment of only $99, you will get: Comprehensive study notes that are based on the CFA Institute's study guide for the 2020 level 1 exam. These will help your understanding and boost confidence. Students majoring in statistics and preparing for a career in actuarial science may take STAT GU4282 (Regression and Time Series Analysis) in place of the major requirement STAT GU4205 (Linear Regression Analysis). Each chapter ends with historical notes and numerous exercises to deepen and consolidate the reader's understanding. Some questions may integrate ideas from more than one topic of the syllabus where applicable. Cambridge International AS & A Level Mathematics: Probability & Statistics 1. Bubbles weighs 400lbs and has 3-foot legs, and will make tracks like this. STOR 940: SAMSI course on Spatial Epidemiology, Fall 2009. The chi-square test is applied to determine the significance of the discrepancy between the calculated null hypothesis case and the experimental results, and the probability that the discrepancy is the result of chance. The book (denoted WMMY in the following) is one of the most popular elementary statistics textbooks in the world. More information on the methodology used in these statistics is in our guidance notes. Notes were made by combining material from various textbooks, internet sites, journals as well as our knowledge. In contrast, around 76% of the global land shows little or no change. Old Material Links. Statistics 1 Edexcel revision. Since 1993, measurements from the TOPEX and Jason series of satellite radar altimeters have allowed estimates of global mean sea level. rich dad poor dad book english. Firstly, a time series is defined as some quantity that is measured sequentially in time over some interval. When the time base is shifted by a given number of periods, a Lag of time series is created. Decision-Making using Financial Ratios. Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics , 20 (1), 13-27. Recent changes to overseas arrivals data has led TRA to revise IVS estimates in the December 2018 data release. Statistics Notes: What is a percentage difference? Published 16 August 2017. 8 per 100,000 men and 139. Hence the goal of the class is to give a brief overview of the basics in time series analysis. In such cases, an additive model is appropriate. The analyst concludes that the coefficient for the moving average term is statistically different from 0, and keeps the term in the model. Although this approach is not always the best but still useful (Kendall and Stuart, 1996). TIME SERIES ANALYSIS A time series is a sequence of data indexed by time, often comprising uniformly spaced observations. Data as a table¶. 3 or more emissions in a time interval of 1 second. The Overflow Blog How the pandemic changed traffic trends from 400M visitors across 172 Stack…. Consecutive points are then linked by means of straight lines to form the. Section B (Probability and Statistics – 60 marks) will consist of 6 to 8 questions of different lengths and marks based on the Probability and Statistics section of the syllabus. A Handbook of Statistics. Notes: The following list points to the class discussion notes for Econometrics I. 1 Explicitly Listed Probabilities. Murray-Smith, R. On the XLMiner ribbon, from the Applying Your Model tab, select Help - Examples, then Forecasting/Data Mining Examples and open the example data set, Income. 6 Generalized extreme value distribution 11-8. At a conceptual level, this matrix consists of rows and columns where rows refer to cases and columns refer to the attributes measured at each of the cases, and the last columns provide the spatial referencing. Since such a variable might be a factor of time (for example, the effect of political or economic cycles), a time series plot of the data is often a useful tool in identifying the presence of lurking variables. The spectral representation of wide sense stationary processes, Linear filtering, Linear prediction and the Wold representation, Obtaining the Wold representation from the spectral density. Hurlin (University of OrlØans) Advanced Econometrics II February 2018 5 / 61 Analysis of Panel Data, second edition, Cambridge University Press. The time series graph shows information about the percentages of the people in a village that used the village shop for the years between 1980 and 2010. Although these models are quite successful in numerous applications, they are unable to represent many nonlin-ear dynamic patterns such as asymmetry, amplitude dependence and volatility clustering. \rIt is really a Quick way to learn. Notes; Generating Random Numbers on the TI-82; Sampling Lab designed to expose the student to each of the five types of sampling; Chapter 2. Although this approach is not always the best but still useful (Kendall and Stuart, 1996). It provides a snapshot and time series of national statistics from across the sector, bringing together data collected directly by TEQSA. The investigation section of this site deals with the development and increasing sophistication of statistical investigations. Some basic descriptive categories of time series are 1) long vs short, 2) even time-step vs uneven time-step, 3) discrete vs continuous, 4) periodic vs aperiodic, 5) stationary vs nonstationary, and 6) univariate vs multivariate. or whose birth was reported as registered with civil authorities at the time of survey. Residuals Trend The trend can usually be detected by inspection of the time series. All C3 Revsion Notes. " The aim of this lecture is to provide you with the key concepts of time series econometrics. These are the first of a series of pandemic-focused guidance notes specifically created for the general public, available in the Practical Guidance COVID-19 Toolkit on the Other topics planned for future release include Police Powers in the COVID-19 Context and the Construction Industry at Alert Level 2 and Above. An important question in metapopulation dynamics is the influence of external perturbations on the population's longterm dynamic behaviour. This chart should be used for indicative purposes only, as data for the periods 1994-2001 and 2002-2017 are not comparable due to the different sources used to compile the data. Time Series: Measurement of Trend in Hindi under E-Learning Program - Duration: 31:54. 1 What are longitudinal and panel data? 1-1 1. Files included (2) Time Series & Moving Averages Presentation. Notation for time series data Y t = value of Y in period t. The spectral representation of wide sense stationary processes, Linear filtering, Linear prediction and the Wold representation, Obtaining the Wold representation from the spectral density. TOPICAL PAST PAPERS. Time Series Data: Enrolments in ECE (2000-2019) [MS Excel 46kB] Time Series Data: Hours of Participation This spreadsheet provides information on average weekly attendance hours in ECE across time in a simple, easy to use format. Unit root tests can be used to determine if trending data should be ﬁrst diﬀerenced or regressed on deterministic functions of time to render the data stationary. Moldova, Republic of. • ﬁnance - e. WORKED EXAMPLE 1. This data set contains the average income of tax payers by state. In 2011, general aviation and air taxi operations represented 63% of all towered opera-. Stock and Mark W. When preparing for A Level Maths exams, it is extremely useful to tackle exam questions on a topic-by-topic basis. The Best Maths AS and A Level Notes, Revision Guides, Tips and Websites compiled from all around the world at one place for your ease. A straight-forward multidimensional integration using the properties of Gaussian random vectors yields the diﬀerential entropy h(Xn) = 1 2 ln(2πe)ndetRn. Pearson Education accepts no responsibility whatsoever for the accuracy or method of working in the answers given. 8 Breaks in Time Series 509 23. **Download PDF version of all available notes here** - GCE O Level Singapore-Cambridge Notes. The analyst concludes that the coefficient for the moving average term is statistically different from 0, and keeps the term in the model. For a one time payment of only $99, you will get: Comprehensive study notes that are based on the CFA Institute's study guide for the 2020 level 1 exam. Level of rigor and emphasis: Probability is a wonderfully intuitive and applicable ﬁeld of mathematics. There are thirteen chapters in this book; the first seven cover Statistics 1 and the remaining six Statistics 2. The tabs below are organized by Current Population Survey reference year. Publication 6292 (revised 9-2019) is a product of the IRS Statistics of Income Division within the Research, Applied Analytics, and Statistics organization. The level of significance for nutrition KAP was set at 0. Enroll in a Specialization to master a specific career skill. We will assume the time periods are equally spaced. This study therefore begins with a review of the main cross-sectional and time-series evidence. Data Years Available. Each chapter ends with historical notes and numerous exercises to deepen and consolidate the reader's understanding. To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure [email protected] 4 per unit) All units are in presented as. Question papers, mark schemes and reports. Glaz and M. February 28, 2019 Leave a comment. Designed to develop deep mathematical understanding and all the skills students need for their AS/A level studies and beyond. The Best Maths AS and A Level Notes, Revision Guides, Tips and Websites compiled from all around the world at one place for your ease so you can prepare for your tests and examinations with the satisfaction that you have the best resources available to you. Schools have a choice of 55 subjects and the freedom to offer them in almost any combination. Brunei Darussalam. This chart should be used for indicative purposes only, as data for the periods 1994-2001 and 2002-2017 are not comparable due to the different sources used to compile the data. Its contributors include both senior scholars with established expertise in Mills thought and new emerging interpreters. STATISTICS 4040 GCSE Statistics Revision notes Collecting data Sample – This is when data is collected from part of the population. 1 Time Series data. Cambridge International Exams. John Hansman Abstract General aviation (GA) is an important component of aviation in the United States. To be more precise, it measures the extent of correspondence between the ordering of two random variables. Correlation and Regression Analysis MCQs. Micronesia, Federated States Of. What is the value of a if the time taken is 5 seconds? Answers (a) No. • The label for the data values is “chance of death in one year. ACSys Data Mining CRC for Advanced Computational Systems – ANU, CSIRO, (Digital), Fujitsu, Sun, SGI – Five programs: one is Data Mining – Aim to work with collaborators to solve real problems and feed research problems to the scientists – Brings together expertise in Machine Learning, Statistics, Numerical Algorithms, Databases, Virtual. The random walk model. Node 20 of 26. Finally, the seasonality index estimates the deviation from the local mean due to seasonality. 1 Distribution. Introduction to Time Series Analysis. : Probability & Statistics for Engineers & Scientists, Pearson Prentice Hall (2007). Easy to use on computers and tablets. Second, a time series of GNI per capita in constant 2011 PPP terms is constructed by applying the real growth rates to the GNI per capita in PPP terms for the base year. Schools have a choice of 55 subjects and the freedom to offer them in almost any combination. Many important models have been proposed in literature for improving the accuracy and effeciency of time series modeling and forecasting. Suitable for all boards. UPSC Study Materials PDF. We have already helped hundreds of thousands of students and teachers achieve their dreams. The chi-square test is applied to determine the significance of the discrepancy between the calculated null hypothesis case and the experimental results, and the probability that the discrepancy is the result of chance. To yield valid statistical inferences, these values must be repeatedly measured, often over a four to five year period. POINTS) - Redspot. Statistical Software MCQs. Longer time series of the indicators can be downloaded here. The census is a reliable source designed to provide information about people and housing units in Canada by their demographic, social, economic characteristics and agricultural operations. The scope of this journal is to provide a forum of exchange among scholars that employ mathematics and statistics in their research activity. 904 (Washington, D. Look for trends, seasonal components, step changes, outliers. Cambridge International AS & A Level Chemistry Revision Guide (PDF) by David Bevan Cambridge International AS and A Level Chemistry Revision Guide offers support for students as they prepare for their AS and A Level Chemistry (9701) exams. In order to analyze the dynamics, we now make some. Suitable as a text for a graduate or Master's level statistics course, this book will also serve as a reference for researchers in statistics, probability, and their applications. Try Stata, SAS or SPSS (if you must). Node 20 of 26. Our results emphasize the importance of fully accounting. level, is essential to good health. Notes: The following list points to the class discussion notes for Econometrics I. QUESTIONS, ANSWERS AND STATISTICS Terry Speed CSIRO Division of Mathematics and Statistics Canberra, Australia A major point, on which I cannot yet hope for universal agreement, is that our focus must be 'on questions, not models. Show all resources in Science. Published 16 August 2017. 3 Mysterious forces 5 1. org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage. Published 11 July 2019 Judicial Diversity Statistics 2019 Key Findings 32% of court judges and 46% of tribunal judges were women The proportion of court judges who were women increased from 24% in 2014 to 32% in 2019. In some time series, the amplitude of both the seasonal and irregular variations do not change as the level of the trend rises or falls. The national unemployment level stood at about 7. Acknowledgements This seminar series was initially inspired by a piece in The Guardian by Janine Bradbury (2013). An argument can be made that 1870 marks a plausible date for a modern economic period in any case, as it is near an important transition in several countries: for example, the end of the U. Test bank for social statistics for a diverse society 8th edition by frankfort nachmias ibsn 9781506347202 full download: https://goo. Linear Least Squares, Regression Fit, Transformations 4. For information regarding the Coronavirus/COVID-19, please visit Coronavirus. This model assumes that in each period the variable takes a random step away from its. There is a large amount of resemblance between regression and correlation but for their methods of interpretation of the relationship. 2 Geostatistical Prediction. Secondary & Vocational. Also offers ZClass high quality past paper walkthroughs made in partnership with Cambridge Leadership College. There are many great graduate level classes related to statistics at MIT, spread over several departments. You are already familiar with bivariate statistics such as the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient and the independent groups t-test. File type: PDF. Most commonly, a time series is a sequence taken at successive equally spaced points in time. The standard deviation (often SD) is a measure of variability. Elementary Linear Algebra: Part I. In the Financial Stability Report, the National Bank focuses on trends that are observable at the levels of the banking system, the financial markets and the macroeconomic environment. The following examples illustrate how XLMiner can be used to explore the data to uncover trends and seasonalities. 3 ARMA and ARIMA (Box-Jenkins) models 599 17. These books are based on the highly successful series for the. The Last of the Mohicans. 096 million barrels a day. Data Warehousing Multidimensional (logical) Model (cont’d) Each dimension can in turn consist of a number of attributes. " It is the second-oldest, continuously operating professional association in the country.

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